Arizona - Territory and State
Arizona was declared a Confederate Territory by Jefferson Davis and a proclamation issued August 1, 1861, by Lieut. Col. John r. Baylor, C. S. A., declared it under Confederate rule. This describes Arizona as "All lands in the Territory lying south of latitude 34°."
Congress later passed an Act creating the Territory of Arizona, approved by President Lincoln Feb. 24, 1863. The Act designated the entire western part of the then Territory of New Mexico as the new Territory. The newly appointed officers of Arizona Territory took possession December 19, 1863, at Navajo springs, in the present Apache county about 3 miles south of the A. T. & S. F. railroad station of Navajo springs a few miles from the western line of New Mexico. Here they believed themselves well inside the new area. First Legislature was organized at Prescott, September 26, 1864. Arizona became a state Feb. 14, 1912. Known as the "Valentine state."